Providence includes the preservation of all things and the government of them. Let us examine first the conservation, the preservation, and the sustenance of creation. This work of God is expressed in Scripture by several phrases: “…You have made the heavens, the heaven of heavens with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to all of them… [i] .”
And, “…He upholds all things by the word of His power… [ii].”
Moreover, “ … by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities–all things have been created through Him and for Him … [iii] .”
It is necessary that God Himself preserves His creation, and this can be proved from the following arguments:
- From the nature and perfection of God, particularly His independence. All creatures depend on Him. But God depends on no one [iv]. If creatures could support and preserve themselves in their being, they would be independent and thus would be gods also. There is but one God over all, on Whom all depend.
- From the nature and composition of His creatures. God holds our soul in life, in union with our bodies: “…He Himself gives to all people life and breath and all things [v] … in Him we live and move and exist [vi] .” In Job we read, “… You have granted me life and lovingkindness; And Your care has preserved my spirit [vii] .” The Psalms proclaim that He “… keeps us in life and does not allow our feet to slip [viii].”
- From the inability of creation to support and sustain themselves. Man cannot preserve himself from diseases of the body. Neither can he escape the grave [ix].”
- From the close association between creation and the preservation of it. The same power that was set forth in creation is required for its continuation. One might say that preservation is in a sense a continued creation.
- From the fact of a divine design of all things around us. Everything in our universe was made for some end and purpose, and it is necessary that it should reserved until that end is answered. “The Lord has made everything for its own purpose, even the wicked for the day of evil [x].”
Preservation extends to all creation. The Holy Scripture declares that God preserves it all, that He upholds all things, and that by Him all things consist.
[i] Nehemiah 9:6
[ii] Hebrews 1:3
[iii] Colossians 1:16-17
[iv] Romans 11:36; Acts 17:25
[v] Acts 17:25
[vi] Acts 17:28
[vii] Job 10:12
[viii] Psalm 66:9
[ix] Ecclesiastes 8:8
[x] Proverbs 16:4