GLOBAL WARMING IS A BLESSING, NOT A THREAT

GLOBAL WARMING IS A BLESSING, NOT A THREAT [i]  [ii]

The purpose of this article is to dismiss any fear that a warmer earth is a threat to mankind.  A warmer world is a better world. Increased carbon dioxide in our atmosphere is good, not bad.

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Skeptics who are unconvinced that planet earth’s temperatures are rising are frequently called “Deniers” by their corresponding “Affirmers” who say science has settled the matter.  The Deniers have struck back, accusing the global warming adherents of becoming “Alarmists.”  Deniers and Affirmers have not considered the obvious: there are many benefits warmer temperatures will offer those who inhabit this new Holocene epoch, should it come.

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global surface temperature increased ± 1 °F over the last one hundred years [iii]. Why a single unit temperature increase measured across three-four generations is cause for grave concern is not contemplated by the Affirmers.  A primary factor to this disturbing temperature increase, say IPCC researchers, is due to amplified carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions resulting from human activity such as deforestation and fossil fuel burning.   That CO2 concentration is increasing is generally not disputed, even by many Deniers.  Assuming  an increase in atmospheric CO2 corresponds to a warmer earth, we ask what there is to fear ? There are many advantages if this chain reaction occurs. Indeed, atmospheric levels contained twice the carbon dioxide levels during early Holocene than they do in our present day, a geologic season that evolutionary biologists tell us correspond roughly to the Mesolithic age that gave birth to numerous sophisticated European human cultures and advanced civilizations. More CO2 is better. Warmer climate should be encouraged, not feared.

Observe, for instance, hyperthermia [iv] and hypothermia [v] death rates. The case can easily be made that warmer is better [vi]. Annual mean for heat-related death is 16% lower than those who perish due to exposure to cold.  Personally, I would welcome a return to the Cretaceous period; it would be a magnificent climate in which to live.

Global warming will increase biodiversity

The higher the CO2 levels, the more effervescent is the global ecosystem, as numerous experiments in greenhouses have shown and can be demonstrated even in a backyard conservatory. A return to what geologists call a Jurassic period [vii]would mean a happy existence in an exceptionally lush planet, a biodiversity not seen since man first walked the earth. Is this not what most people yearn for? The animal and plant life of the past cannot exist today simply because the land is not productive enough. It is believed that the atmospheric CO2 content during the Jurassic tri-epoch were 4-5 times more prevalent than our present day [viii]. Animal life is believed to have flourished during most of the middle Phanerozoic eon even though carbon levels were sometimes 10 times what they are now [ix].

Photosynthesis is the main means by which plants, algae and many bacteria produce organic compounds and oxygen from carbon dioxide and water

Enlarge your carbon footprint now! CO2 is not pollution by any reasonable definition [x]. Green plants, algae, and some bacteria use carbon dioxide, water, and energy from the sun to make the oxygen we breathe. This crucial food-making process, known as photosynthesis, is the basis for sustaining life on our planet.  From CO2 and water come the basic food and energy source of the cell: glucose; CO2 is therefore the first link in a complex chain which ultimately supplies all living things with everything we need to eat and breathe. Furthermore, green plants will grow 50% faster [xi] if we deliberately increase CO2 concentration levels 200% beyond our current atmospheric carbon levels ( ± 388 ppm) [xii]; the vast majority of humans will easily adapt to these increased levels of CO2 without discomfort [xiii].   CO2 is not toxic to humans until it reaches 10,000 ppm [xiv], a level, as far as we know, has never been reached in the history of the world [xv].  Assuming NOAA’s data is accurate, CO2’s current rate of increase (measured over past five decades) [xvi] will not reach lethal concentration for another 6709 years [xvii]!

Lemon orchard in the Galilee

Global warming will lengthen our growing season [xviii].  Longer growing seasons mean we will have abundant, fresh food. The wet conditions that occurred in the Sahara Desert during the early Holocene epoch [xix] should cause us to look forward to such a return, not alarm.  The 20th century was accompanied by a 10% increase in precipitation in the Northern Hemisphere. The cause? It is a result of global warming according to the Pew Center [xx].  Is this not a weather report that should cause us to get down on our knees and thank God Almighty? What this means is that civilizations can move to where the water is or route water to other places through aqueducts and canals; either scenario is asking people to do what they have always done before, even to the present day. Look at what has been accomplished in Arizona and Israel in the short span of only 60 years through dams, canals, and irrigation systems. Moreover, warmer temperatures speed up both the evaporation and precipitation process, causing an increase of water vapor in the atmosphere [xxi]. Imagine living in a giant greenhouse without any glass walls.  Biodiversity will abound.

We will live longer. Due to harmful radiation from space, the environment may be more hostile to human life today than it has been since the latter part of the Palaeozoic era. In time past a thermal vapor blanketed the earth. It has since dissipated inaugurating strong temperature differentials.  “…This led to a gradual buildup of snow and ice in the polar latitudes, rendering much of the extreme northern and southern land surfaces uninhabitable [xxii]…” The space radiation that now afflicts us could be filtered out by a new vapor canopy, a covering supplied by way of global warming. This would result in an increase in human longevity.  Due to the vapor canopy, humans will live longer with an acute reduction in skin diseases.  In this instance alone, global warming should be appreciated, not feared; the vapor canopy could, in fact, save or extend our lives.

Further, if temperatures increase as far predicted by the Affirmers, what is now the unwelcoming vast permafrost will become a friendly home to a diverse, abundance of life, as it was during the early Cretaceous period. Notice how well the circumpolar north indigenous people groups, among the hale and hearty on earth,  adapted magnificently from warm to cold climates –  and who is to argue they will not be able to acclimatize back to warm again? Arctic vegetation, herbivores, and other wildlife can be counted on to adjust to warmer climates, too. The coniferous forests and animal life that dominated the Antarctic through the entire Cretaceous period may return in great abundance.

Antarctica without its ice sheet.

But we must not expect to witness this new paradise anytime soon.  Consider Antarctica, the coldest place on earth. The melting point of ice is 32 ºF at the South Pole, just as it is everywhere else. The highest recorded temperature at the South Pole is 59 ºF (only near the coast [xxiii]), and “the lowest is – 128.6 ºF” [xxiv].  The mean annual temperature of the interior is −70 ºF. Broadly speaking, it has no month averaging above 32 ºF across the interior. The continent-wide average surface temperature trend of Antarctica has only increased 0.09 °F per decade [xxv].  Assuming this increase will remain constant, we will not see a widespread Antarctic interior thaw for another ±14,000 years [xxvi], more than adequate time for humans to adapt and prepare.

An obvious benefit to a warmer globe is that such a place would become less expensive to live. Humans would consume less electricity, propane, oil, gas, and coal to warm their homes. Lighter fashion trends would juxtapose the drift toward a warmer climate, and hence there would be no need for furs or heavy clothing. Kyoto-compliant countries could rebuild their cities from the ground up, using the latest green technologies and eco-friendly materials without the restrictions of utilizing existing, outdated architecture. Think of the jobs this would create.

Air – sea exchange of carbon dioxide

Unfortunately, a return to a warmer climate may be diminished by the very air-sea exchange that is said to be causing it. According to researchers, the sea levels have risen only 0.070866 of an inch per year [xxvii].  The primary factor to this disturbing sea-level increase, say IPCC researchers, is due to amplified carbon dioxide emissions resulting from human activity such as deforestation and fossil fuel burning, thus warming the climate and melting the polar cap. What is not taken into consideration is the fact that oceans act as a giant carbon sink. The oceans pump carbon from the earth’s surface to the ocean’s interior, absorbing more than 25-30% of the carbon dioxide that humans put into the air [xxviii]. Thus, as the seas rise, more carbon is transported into the giant natural sink.  More ocean = less carbon dioxide in the atmosphere = less surface warming.

Notes and Citations:


[i]  The idea for this article is based on Prof. Howard C. Hayden’s letter to Lisa P. Jackson, the EPA Administrator.  Any errors found in this article are mine, not his.

[ii]  By citing the general geologic table does not necessarily indicate acceptance of the time periods (billions of years) by this author. I endeavor to show scientists who do believe in these geologic division that they are bound to also acknowledge the implications of the established, generally accepted chronostratigraphy.

[iii]  http://ipcc-wg1.ucar.edu/wg1/Report/AR4WG1_Print_SPM.pdf

[iv]  http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5529a2.htm

[v]  http://www.hypothermia.org/hypothermia2.htm

[vi]  The two studies do not span the same time period.  If you have recent death rates that cover the same time period please forward to me, so I may update this article.

[vii]  Jurassic Period Atmospheric CO2 content 4-5 times the present day levels (1200-1500 ppmv, compared to today’s 385 ppmv.  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geologic_periods#cite_note-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide-21

[viii]  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geologic_periods#cite_note-atmospheric-carbon-dioxide-21

[ix]  See Geologic Table at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geologic_periods#Terminology

[x] Hayden, Howard. Letter to EPA’s Lisa Jackson

[xi] http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/00-077.htm

[xii]  ftp://ftp.cmdl.noaa.gov/ccg/co2/trends/co2_mm_mlo.txt

[xiii]  http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/6045

[xiv]  http://www.inspectapedia.com/hazmat/CO2gashaz.htm

[xv]  http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v406/n6797/abs/406695a0.html

[xvi]  ftp://ftp.cmdl.noaa.gov/ccg/co2/trends/co2_mm_mlo.txt . The equation for this line is roughly (y=1.4334x-2497.8), where  “x” = the year.

[xvii]  ibid.

[xviii]  http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/global_warming_update6.php

[xix]  http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/235402/global-warming

[xx]  http://www.pewclimate.org/global-warming-basics/faq_s/glance_faq_science.cfm

[xxi]  Gore, Albert (Senator). Earth In The Balance, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, page 100. © 1992

[xxii]  Morris, Henry (Ph.D , hydraulics) The Genesis Record. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, pages 211-212. © 1976

[xxiii]  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_of_Antarctica

[xxiv]  http://ecolocalizer.com/2008/12/14/the-coldest-inhabited-places-on-earth/

[xxv]  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctica#Effects_of_global_warming

[xxvi]  Equation of line is (y = 0.009x – 88.09), where “x” = year.

[xxvii]  http://www.agu.org/pubs/

[xxviii]  http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/view/2586;%20http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VGC-452W7KK-2&_user=10&_coverDate=12%2F31%2F2002&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=82fd427165479407a2190844bbf8c02e

[xxix]  Green Meeting Industry Council LinkedIn discussion 19 February 2010

At the time of this writing, the Affirmers are distracted to a crisis far greater than global warming. The green movement is in danger of disbanding [xxix].  Ironically, the Affirmers seem to be the ones who are Denying at the moment.

 ***

FOR FURTHER READING:

Global warming helpful to archaeologists

http://dailycaller.com/2013/03/22/global-warming-helpful-to-archaeologists/

Posted By Anne Hobson On 12:51 PM  03/22/2013 @ 12:51 PM In Daily Caller News Foundation,World | No Comments

Archaeologists working on glaciers in Southern Norway said on Thursday that global warming provides an exciting opportunity for archaeological discoveries. In 2011, archaeologists found a pre-Viking tunic. According to Reuters, Carbon dating revealed that the tunic was made around 300 AD.

Other discoveries include a Viking mitten from 800 AD, an ornate walking stick, a Bronze Age leather shoe, ancient bows, and arrow heads used to hunt reindeer.  Since glacial thawing in Norway’s southern mountains has accelerated in 2006, archeologists have uncovered 1,600 artifacts.

“It’s worrying that glaciers are melting, but it’s exciting for us archeologists,” said Lars Piloe, a Danish archaeologist working on Norway’s glaciers.

Recently, climate change has resulted in thrilling finds from Alaska to the Andes. The 5,300-year-old prehistoric man Otzi, discovered in 1991 in the Alps between Austria and Italy, remains the most famous glacier find to date.

The tunic is made of lambs wool with a diamond pattern, and is one of only a handful of its kind discovered in Europe. Untreated ancient fabrics are prone to disintegrate in weeks when exposed to air because of insect and bacteria activity. Receding snows and melting glaciers in the Alps during the summer make finding these artifacts easier.

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6 Comments on “GLOBAL WARMING IS A BLESSING, NOT A THREAT”

  1. NSH February 26, 2010 at 6:12 AM #

    Nicholas Voss,

    This is impressive!

    Looks like a synopsis of an excellent PhD thesis.

    Should be shared widely among those who are interested in this topic.

  2. Mick Russom March 8, 2010 at 11:43 PM #

    True, the cretaceous period was a world wide explosion for wildlife and plant life diversity.

    – The greatest contributors of warming/cooling are ocean surface flux, heat flux, humidity and clouds. Also one must consider light input and planet wide albedo as well as magnetosphere strength. CO2 has a very low overall impact. Insulators (such as CO2) have a non-linear diminishing return in terms of efficacy. The more CO2 that is put up, the less insulating effect it will have per unit.

    – Modern CO2 level is as at 400ppm.

    – Precambrian CO2 was 4500 ppm, Oxygen @ 12.5%, temp +7C modern.
    – Ordovician CO2 was 4200 ppm, Oxygen @ 12.5%, temp +2C modern level.
    – Carboniferous CO2 was 800ppm (over double today), yet it has a nice Oxygen level at 32.5%. Also, temperatures were the same or slightly lower than today’s temp.
    – Jurassic CO2 1950ppm, 26% O2 and ~ 3C above modern. (That’s about 5x today’s CO2, more oxygen, similar temps).
    – Cretaceous CO2, 1700ppm, O2 @ 30%, temps about 4C higher. This is the realm of the greatest biodiversity the world has ever seen. Lots of oxygen, lots of CO2 but no man-made AGW. Imagine living in an atmosphere with this much oxygen. Lots of CO2 around to feed plants and create biodiversity.
    – Neogene to modern. Where we are today. Most of the atmospheric oxygen loss (about 8% of the total) occurs before industrialization.
    – At no point, even with many times the current CO2, did the greenhouse effect run away like it has on Venus.

    It seems to me that people should consider planting trees that produce a lot of O2 out of normal CO2 respiration. That would help albedo and do more for the world than any attempt to prevent CO2 changes.

  3. Car design Tutorials ebook September 16, 2010 at 6:24 PM #

    good site!

  4. M.C. April 15, 2013 at 7:57 PM #

    A must read article!

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  1. Nicholas Voss Blog 2010 in Review « Nicholas Voss - January 2, 2011

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  2. HEY, WE’RE JUST DUMB FARMERS. WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE EARTH? | Nicholas Voss - July 22, 2013

    […] GLOBAL WARMING IS A BLESSING, NOT A THREAT […]

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