Man begins his existence in the merger of two microscopic cells, the male spermatozoon and the female egg. By a process of incredible precision, the cells divide and multiply until at a fixed period of time a miniature human being will leave the womb and a new child is born into the world. A new human personality who has never existed before comes into being and is endowed with an immortal soul and all the characteristics which distinguish it as a human being. His soul, that had its beginning in this meticulously planned process, will live on from this point forward. Forever.
While all this is happening, another remarkable miracle is simultaneously performed in the mother, giving her power to provide the proper nourishment for her newborn child from her own body. During the growth of the baby, an incredible change occurs in mommy’s body. Her mammary glands begin to develop, and at the precise moment when the child needs food, these glands produce nourishing milk that was not there before. It dries out when the child no longer needs it. This milk is exactly the type of food, delivered at the right time the newborn child requires for normal development.
Specifically when the mother reaches child-bearing age numerous hormones working together stimulate the development of transportation parts and ducts in her mammary glands. At pregnancy, the steroid hormones and potent chemicals are activated, further stimulating her tissues and prepare them for milk secretion. Ever-increasing amounts of protein hormones are released throughout the pregnancy filling the breasts with milk.
Mother’s milk provides the particular nutrients the child needs – precisely when he needs it.
Not only is breastfeeding the best way to feed the child, it helps the mother. The extra calories that mom uses up when producing breast milk help deplete the fat reserves accumulated during pregnancy. Furthermore the hormones that make mom’s milk glands contract when Junior suckles also cause contractions in the uterus, enabling it to return to normal size more quickly.
The sucking of the infant stimulates the receptors located mommy’s nipples which signal her glands to synthesize milk for the next feeding.
Breast milk is the perfect food for a baby. It contains all the essential nutrients – delivered at the right stage of development – that the baby needs. The nursing mother can produce as much as 1.5 liters of milk per day. Compared to cow’s milk, human milk contains one and one-half times as much lactose, but only half as much protein and about a third as much protein and calcium. Strangely enough, colostrum (first milk) secreted during the significant first few days after birth, is especially high in protein, minerals, and vitamin A. Mother’s milk contains antibodies that help protect the infant from common infections such as gastroenteritis and the respiratory tracts.
Obviously water is the largest component, but there are also macro- and micronutrients such as lactose, lipids, and protein. Baffling the Men In White is the presence of large complex oligosaccharides, which are food for friendly bacteria like Bifidobacterium longum infantis (B. infantis).
What mystifies the Men In White is that the infant does not have the capacity to break down these oligosaccharides; thus an “interesting quirk” has happened in Evolution: 2 million years leading up to human evolution resulted in a major component in human milk that is not targeted for the infant to consume. Why would moms make oligosaccharides? How did it get there? Only God knows.
What is promising is that the Men In White did not jump to conclusions as they have done so many times in the past by classifying oligosaccharides as a vestigial structure. There was a time that evolutionists pointed to these structures and called them “mistakes” of evolution, those things which have no advantage to the host. And when this theory failed them they would postulate that the feature resembles something used in other species in the distant past but has now lost its function. Having been refuted by the Creationists many times over, the Men In White have abandoned their weak strawman arguments.
A variety of suggestions have been put forth which may explain the usefulness of human milk oligosaccharide:
- Oligosaccharides are directly involved in the immune system
- They are involved in neural development
- They enrich microbes, acting as prebiotics – food for bacteria in the digestive system
Research shows that breast-fed infants have more bifidobacteria in their feces than bottle-fed infants or adults. Bifidobacteria are energy-consuming organisms that do not require oxygen to survive. Bifidobacteria provide a range of beneficial health effects, aiding in digestion, boosting the immune system and even reducing cancer risk. Bifidobacteria longum infantis begin to populate in a full-term infant during weeks 2-4. At this same time oligosaccharides decrease. By week 12 the oligosaccharides are nearly gone. What is happening is that oligosaccharides provide food for bifidobacteria, which work to bind, build, and strengthen the child’s intestinal cells by inducing anti-inflammatory signaling molecules. Thus oligosaccharide’s function is to support child’s intestinal tract by providing energy for healthy bacteria in the infant’s gut system.
But that is not all oligosaccharides do. They support neural activity. Bifidobacteria longum infantis grown specifically on human milk oligosaccharides produce a soluble factor that activates sensors on the enteroendocrine cells and communicates to the brain. The signal is triggered in particular by bifidobacteria longum infantis growth on human milk oligosaccharide. Tests on other sugars did not work.
This explains the unique bonding advantage a breast-fed infant has over one who was bottle-fed. Early childhood experts have long advised mothers to sing to their baby as a method of communication. Now we know that breast feeding is another way of “singing” to the child in a different way.
Thus mother’s milk is filled with intelligence and is designed to do far more than just feed the baby.
The mystery and complexities of oligosaccharide does not stop here. Where do oligosaccharides go after the baby finishes nursing? They appear from nowhere and then disappear. The comings and goings of oligosaccharides remain in the minds of Darwinian Speculators as one of the great unexplained whodunits of life. The moribund Men In White are unable and unwilling to believe that an Intelligent Designer is at work. This is too bad for the Men In White. We feel sorry for them. More and better-formed questions would be generated if they did, and science would most certainly advance beyond the tired, old Darwinian school of thought.